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Menstrual Hygiene: Breaking the Taboo and Ensuring Health

13/05/2024 Lana Mathew 708

Menstruation, a natural biological process experienced by millions of women worldwide, remains shrouded in stigma and misconceptions in many cultures. This stigma not only affects societal attitudes but also impacts women's health and well-being. In this blog, we will delve into the stigma surrounding menstrual hygiene, emphasize the importance of proper menstrual hygiene practices, explore various menstrual products available, and offer guidance on choosing the right ones to ensure health and comfort.


The Stigma Surrounding Menstrual Hygiene and Its Impact on Women's Health

Cultural and Social Stigma:

Menstruation has been surrounded by myths, cultural taboos, and social stigma in various societies. These attitudes can lead to feelings of shame, embarrassment, and secrecy among women and girls, affecting their self-esteem and mental health.

Access to Resources:

Inadequate access to menstrual products, sanitation facilities, and education about menstrual hygiene management (MHM) further exacerbates challenges for women and girls, particularly in low-income or marginalized communities.

Health Implications:

Poor menstrual hygiene practices can increase the risk of reproductive tract infections (RTIs), urinary tract infections (UTIs), and other health issues. Lack of access to clean menstrual products and sanitation facilities can also impact school attendance, work productivity, and overall quality of life.

The Importance of Proper Menstrual Hygiene Practices

Hygiene Practices:

Maintaining good menstrual hygiene is crucial for women's health and well-being:

  • Regular Changing: Change menstrual products every 4-6 hours to prevent bacterial growth and odor.

  • Proper Disposal: Dispose of used menstrual products in designated bins to maintain hygiene and prevent environmental contamination.

  • Personal Hygiene: Wash hands before and after changing menstrual products to minimize the risk of infections.

  • Maintaining Cleanliness: Maintain cleanliness of genital area through gentle washing with water and mild soap.

Psychological Impact:

Promoting open discussions and education about menstrual health can help break taboos, empower women and girls, and promote positive attitudes towards menstruation.

Options for Menstrual Products and How to Choose the Right One for You

1. Menstrual Pads:

  • Description: Absorbent pads worn inside underwear to absorb menstrual flow.

  • Advantages: Easy to use, disposable, available in various sizes and absorbencies.

  • Considerations: Choose pads based on flow intensity and personal comfort preferences.

2. Tampons:

  • Description: Absorbent devices inserted into the vagina to absorb menstrual flow.

  • Advantages: More discreet than pads, suitable for active lifestyles.

  • Considerations: Choose correct absorbency level and change every 4-8 hours to reduce the risk of Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS).

3. Menstrual Cups:

  • Description: Reusable cups made of medical-grade silicone or rubber, inserted into the vagina to collect menstrual flow.

  • Advantages: Environmentally friendly, cost-effective in the long run, can be worn for up to 12 hours.

  • Considerations: Proper insertion and removal techniques are essential; choose the right size based on age, childbirth history, and flow.

4. Period Underwear:

  • Description: Absorbent underwear designed to replace or supplement other menstrual products.

  • Advantages: Comfortable, reusable, eco-friendly, provides leak-proof protection.

  • Considerations: Choose based on absorbency needs and personal preference.

5. Reusable Cloth Pads:

  • Description: Washable cloth pads made of absorbent materials, secured to underwear.

  • Advantages: Environmentally friendly, cost-effective, customizable.

  • Considerations: Requires washing and proper storage between uses.

Choosing the Right Menstrual Product

Factors to Consider:

  • Flow: Choose products based on your menstrual flow intensity (light, moderate, heavy).

  • Comfort: Consider comfort and ease of use when selecting products.

  • Health Considerations: Be mindful of any allergies or sensitivities to materials used in menstrual products.

  • Lifestyle: Select products that align with your daily activities and lifestyle preferences.



Breaking the stigma surrounding menstrual hygiene is essential for promoting women's health, dignity, and equality. By educating ourselves and others, discussing openly, and advocating for access to menstrual products and hygiene facilities, we can empower women and girls globally. Remember, menstrual hygiene is not just about managing periods; it's about ensuring health, dignity, and well-being for all menstruators. Embrace informed choices, support menstrual health education, and contribute to a world where menstruation is celebrated rather than stigmatized. Together, we can create a positive impact on women's lives and foster inclusive communities where everyone can thrive.